Oil/Gas drilling has become “unconventional.”
What is “fracking” ? How does it affect you?
THE LATEST: Much of the toxic radioactive waste from fracking comes from other states and is being trucked to Ohio and injected into the ground beneath our feet and spread onto our landfills, which eventually leach these toxins and radioactive materials into ground water.
This site is meant to be a resource to help you understand why fracking should be banned and to help you make informed decisions for yourself, decisions about how to help protect your community. Visit here often to keep up on legislative changes, industry positions, current news article and more…
Lafayette, CO group files motion to block oil and gas industry’s lawsuit, enforce local fracking ban
Lafayette, CO. Residents of Lafayette seeking to enforce a voter-supported fracking ban filed a motion this week for a preliminary injunction against the state, Gov. John Hickenlooper and the Colorado Oil and Gas Association.
The motion aims to prohibit the state’s oil and gas industry from using the Colorado Oil and Gas Act to invalidate the town’s right to self-government, which the plaintiffs claim should include the ability to ban fracking.
“The right to local, community self-government serves as the foundation for the American system of law and is a central tenet of our Declaration of Independence and state and federal constitutions,” said Thomas Linzey of the Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund, the Pennsylvania-based pro-bono organization that assisted in the drafting of Lafayette Community Bill of Rights.
The Truth About Natural Gas: A ‘Green’ Bridge to Hell
Albert Einstein is rumored to have said that one cannot solve a problem with the same thinking that led to it. Yet this is precisely what we are now trying to do with climate change policy. The Obama administration, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), many environmental groups, and the oil and gas industry all tell us that the way to solve the problem created by fossil fuels is with more fossils fuels. We can do this, they claim, by using more natural gas, which is touted as a “clean” fuel—even a “green” fuel.
Like most misleading arguments, this one starts from a kernel of truth. That truth is basic chemistry: when you burn natural gas, the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) produced is, other things being equal, much less than when you burn an equivalent amount of coal or oil. It can be as much as 50 percent less compared with coal, and 20 percent to 30 percent less compared with diesel fuel, gasoline, or home heating oil. When it comes to a greenhouse gas (GHG) heading for the atmosphere, that’s a substantial difference. It means that if you replace oil or coal with gas without otherwise increasing your energy usage, you can significantly reduce your short-term carbon footprint.
NIOSH reports on worker exposure to crystalline silica during hydraulic fracturing
Hydraulic fracturing or “fracking” is the process of injecting large volumes of water, sand, and chemicals into the ground at high pressure to break up shale formation allowing more efficient recovery of oil and gas. This form of well stimulation has been used since the late 1940s, but has increased substantially during the past 10 years with the advent of horizontal drilling technology that greatly improves access to gas deposits in shale.
Approximately 435,000 workers were employed in the U.S. oil and gas extraction industry in 2010; nearly half of those workers were employed by well servicing companies, which includes companies that conduct hydraulic fracturing (BLS).1
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OH and WV Shale Gas Water Usage and Waste Injection
By Ted Auch, OH Program Coordinator, FracTracker Alliance
|Both Ohio and West Virginia citizens are concerned about the increasing shale exploration in their area and how it affects water quality. Those concerned about the drilling tend to focus on the large quantities of water required to hydraulically fracture – or “frack” – Utica and Marcellus wells. Meanwhile those concerned with water quality cite increases in truck traffic and related spills. Concerns also exist regarding the large volumes of fracking waste injected into Class II Salt Water Disposal (SWD) wells primarily located in/adjacent to Ohio’s Muskingum River Watershed.
Injection Wells & Water Usage
While Pennsylvania and WV have drilled heavily into their various shale plays, OH has seen a dramatic increase in Class II Injection wells. In 2010 OH hosted 151 injection wells, which received 50.1 Million Gallons (MGs) per quarter in total – or 331,982 gallons per well. Now, this area has 1941 injection wells accepting 937.5 MGs in total and an average of 4.3 MGs per well.
In the second quarter of 2010 the Top 10 Class II wells by volume accounted for 45.87% of total fracking waste injected in the state. Fast forward to today, the Top 10 wells account for 38.87% of the waste injected. This means that the industry and OH Department of Natural Resources Underground Injection Control (ODNR UIC) are relying on 128% more wells to handle the 1,671% increase in the fracking waste stream coming from inside OH, WV, and PA. During the same time period, freshwater usage by the directional drilling industry has increased by 261% in WV and 162% in OH.
Hormone-disrupting activity of fracking chemicals worse than initially found
CHICAGO, IL—Many chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, can disrupt not only the human body’s reproductive hormones but also the glucocorticoid and thyroid hormone receptors, which are necessary to maintain good health, a new study finds. The results were presented Monday at the joint meeting of the International Society of Endocrinology and the Endocrine Society: ICE/ENDO 2014 in Chicago.
“Among the chemicals that the fracking industry has reported using most often, all 24 that we have tested block the activity of one or more important hormone receptors,” said the study’s presenting author, Christopher Kassotis, a PhD student at the University of Missouri, Columbia. “The high levels of hormone disruption by endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) that we measured, have been associated with many poor health outcomes, such as infertility, cancer and birth defects.”
64 Groups From Across U.S. Demand Federal Limits on Air Pollution From Fracking Wells
Today, a robust coalition of 64 local, state and national groups filed a petition calling on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to immediately set pollution limits on oil and gas operations in populous centers around the U.S., according to a joint press release.
Dahr Jamail | Will Fracking Cause Our Next Nuclear Disaster?
(Image: Jared Rodriguez / Truthout)
The idea of storing radioactive nuclear waste inside a hollowed-out salt cavern might look good on paper. The concept is to carve out the insides of the caverns, deep underground, then carefully move in the waste. Over time, the logic goes, the salt will move in and insulate the containers for thousands of generations.
“The whole game is to engineer something that can contain those contaminants on the order of tens of thousands of years,” Tim Judson, the executive director of theNuclear Information Resource Service(NIRS), told Truthout. NIRS is intended to be a national information and networking center for citizens and environmental activists concerned about nuclear power, radioactive waste, radiation and sustainable energy issues, according to Judson.
Stanford Professor’s 50-State Plan For
100-Percent Renewable Energy
Remember Mark Jacobson, the Stanford University Professor who during a Late Show With David Letterman appearance said we already have enough wind to power the entire world “seven times over?”
That wasn’t hyperbole—Jacobson believes it and his team at the Solutions Project has unveiled a 50-state plan on how the U.S. could shed itself from oil, coal and nuclear sources. It comes in the form of a large, interactive map that provides a plan and projection for each state when you click on it.Here are a few examples of what the map has to offer:
“The new roadmap is designed to provide each state a first step toward a renewable future,” said Jacobson, a professor of civil and environmental engineering at Stanford. “It provides all of the basic information, such as how many wind turbines and solar panels would be needed to power each state, how much land area would be required, what would be the cost and cost savings, how many jobs would be created, how much pollution-related mortality and global-warming emissions would be avoided.”
Wind, Water Solar – Preliminary Outline of Plan for Ohio Features Relatively Short Payback Time
Visit The Solutions Project Web Site to get a look at the outline of the WWS Plan for Ohio at: www.thesolutionsproject.org
AND, Watch the amazing presentation by Professor Jacobson in the sidebar widget to the right.
Panel at Roaming Shores Presents Comprehensive overview of Fracking:
http://vimeo.com/77556713 – Legal, Financial Aspects & Leasing
http://vimeo.com/77509341 – The Technology & Its Risks
http://vimeo.com/77623730 - Health Impacts of Fracking
http://vimeo.com/77647012 - Truck Traffic & Road Impacts
http://vimeo.com/77759379 - Communities Organizing to Protect Themselves
Well casing failure can contaminate groundwater
Dr. Ingraffea’s General Recommendations on Fracking:
Where fracking is not yet occurring, it should be banned, and the use of all hydrocarbon fuels should be reduced as fast as possible. Also, the use of renewable, non-hydrocarbon fuels should be vastly accelerated.
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